We’ve talked a lot about getting the most from your vinyl collection by building a solid hi-fi system. We recently posted a complete guide to buying the best turntable or record player. But, for optimal sound, keeping your records clean is just as important as having good equipment. The purpose of this post is to teach you how to clean vinyl records to get the best sound from them.
You know those pops and clicks that many people associate with vinyl records? Unless your record is scratched or scuffed, the culprit is the dirt and dust that has collected in the grooves of your records. Get rid of the dirt in the grooves, get rid of the pops and clicks.
So, how do you clean a vinyl record? Here are three methods for cleaning vinyl records:
Clean Vinyl Records With A Vacuum Cleaner
Perhaps the best way to clean your vinyl records is with a vacuum-powered vinyl record cleaner. The benefits of a vacuum cleaner made specifically for cleaning vinyl records is that it sucks up the dirt and dust that has settled into the grooves of the vinyl while simultaneously minimizing pressure and physical contact with the delicate record itself.
We’re NOT recommending using a normal vacuum cleaner on your records. There are many vacuum machines on the market that are made to clean vinyl records but you’ll get the most bang for your buck from the Record Doctor V Record Cleaning Machine.
There are fancier models out there – including the Pro-Ject Vinyl Cleaner VC-S – but they’re more than twice the price but offer the same results.
Clean Your Vinyl Records With A Record Washer
If you don’t want to shell out for a vacuum cleaner for your records, you can go with a less fancy record washer.
We like the starter kit from Spin Clean. It’s a manual system composed of brushes and rollers that uses an accompanying solution to clean your records. You simply insert the record into the cleaner, rotate it by hand a few revolutions, and you’re done.
It does involve a little more pressure on your records so it’s not quite as optimal as the vacuum based systems but it’s more than sufficient for most collectors.
Clean Your Vinyl Records By Hand
Don’t want to buy a fancy cleaner? No problem! You easily clean your records by hand with just a brush, some cleaning solution, and a microfiber cloth. There are three easy steps to clean your record by hand:
Brush The Record
You’ll need a record brush. We use (and recommend) the Mobile Fidelity Record Cleaning Brush but there are plenty of good options. For example, we also have and often use the AudioQuest Record Clean Brush. You don’t need both but with exceptionally dusty records we’ll sometimes give both a shot before moving on to washing a record.
Begin by gently brushing the surface of the record in a circular motion (always follow the grooves) with the brush. Don’t use too much pressure here – you’re goal is to pick up larger dust and dirt on the record but you don’t want to damage the grooves.
Honestly, I recommend doing this step every time you play a record. I don’t wash my records often but I do lightly brush them before most plays. However, if you bought a record used, the record has been in storage for a long time, or it just looks visibly soiled and brushing is not cutting it – you’ll want to move on to the next steps for a deeper cleaning.
Wash The Record
Although some people use a combination of water and dish soap, we don’t recommend it. Instead, we recommend using a cleaning solution designed for use on vinyl records. However, not all record cleaning solutions are created equal. In particular, we recommend avoiding any that contain isopropyl alcohol. While it will clean the muck off your record, many people report that over time it’ll also damage the protective coating on your vinyl. If you are going to use a solution with isopropyl alcohol – use is sparingly.
The archivists at The Library of Congress use a combination of a mild surfactant called Tergitol with deionized water. If it’s good enough for them, it’s good enough for us. You can pick up a Tergitol-based concentrate from Amazon. You only need to add a couple drops to your water. You can pick up the deionized water from Amazon as well. Lightly spray the disc with the Tergitol solution and let sit for about 4-5 minutes. Then using a record brush like the ones we described above, lightly wipe the discs in the direction of the grooves to clean up the soapy mixture.
Repeat this process one more time using only the deionized water (so no Tergitol) to clean off any remaining soapy residue.
Dry The Record
Using a soft micro-fiber cloth gently pat the record dry. You may want to let the record dry for up to thirty minutes before returning it to it’s sleeve to make sure it’s completely dry. Excess moisture can cause the sleeve to mold and damage the record.
If you really want to protect your investment, place the newly cleaned records in fresh archival inner record sleeves like these ones from Mobile Fidelity.